Merapi (Central Java, Indonesia)

Merapi volcano, Indonesia

Volcano: Merapi (see Merapi at the Smithsonian Institution website in a new tab)
Type: Soil Diffuse Emission
Description: Merapi volcano (Fig. 1a) is a 2,970 m a.s.l. basalt-andesite stratovolcano. It is currently the most active volcano in Indonesia with a quasi continuous extrusion rate of lava averaging 3,000 m3 day−1 over the last century. The summit area of Merapi can be described as a cone with a 600 m diameter base and 300 m height. The southern part consists of a degassing crater which also hosts a growing dome. The northern area displays no magmatic activity and little evidence of degassing except for two fumarole fields, and steam condensation along faults.

This location does not have flux data

Point of contact for this site:
Patrick Allard, pallard@ipgp.fr (Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris (IPGP))

Number of measurements: 1
Measurement date (d/m/y) Added by Added on
Merapi_010920021/9/2002 Emanuela Bagnato Oct. 2, 2014


Bibliographic references for this site

Toutain J.P. , F. Sortino, J.C. Baubron, P. Richon, S. Sumarti, A. Nonell, 2009,Structure and CO2 budget of Merapi volcano during inter-eruptive periods, Bulletin of Volcanology, vol.71, pp. 815-826, DOI: 10.1007/s00445-009-0266-x


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